The prostate cancer specialists at Happy Urology are committed to spreading awareness of the prostate glands and the importance of maintaining regular prostate screenings to ensure they are healthy. The medical professionals at our urology clinic in Miami can help detect prostate cancer early on and develop a prostate cancer treatment plan that best fits your health needs. 

What Is a Prostate Gland? 

The prostate gland facilitates the production of semen. While it’s relatively small, often compared to the size of a walnut, it’s a big part of the male reproductive system. Located right below the bladder and in front of the rectum, the prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube that releases urine from your bladder. 

What Is Prostate Cancer? 

Prostate cancer is a disease that occurs when malignant or cancerous cells form in the tissues of the prostate. Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin malignancy in men; it leads to more deaths than any other cancer aside from lung cancer.1 Although prostate cancer progresses rather slowly, it is always best to have the diagnosis as early on as possible. 

You can ensure that you are prostate cancer-free by scheduling a screening with a prostate cancer specialist in South Florida regularly.

How Often Should You Get a Prostate Exam?

A prostate exam every two or three years is generally recommended by professional prostate cancer specialists. Consult your prostate cancer urologist about when to schedule your next prostate exam; depending on the results of your previous exams as well as your and your family’s medical history, they may suggest a prostate cancer screening more or less often. As a top urologist in Miami, Dr. Edward Gheiler notes that prostate cancer may come back after treatment, making it even more important to continue regular prostate cancer screenings.

How Do You Treat Prostate Cancer? 

If you’ve been diagnosed with cancer, it’s important to weigh the benefits and potential risks of the treatment options available to you. Once localized, there are a few common treatments for prostate cancer, including: 

Observation

Since prostate cancer grows at an extremely slow rate, a urologist may recommend observation or active surveillance, scheduling numerous tests and scans periodically to monitor its progress until symptoms begin appearing.

Radical Prostatectomy

A prostate cancer procedure in which the doctor removes the cancerous prostate and some tissues surrounding it.

Prostate Radiation Therapy or Brachytherapy

This prostate cancer treatment uses high-energy rays or particles to kill cancer cells. It can be an initial treatment option (in conjunction with hormone therapy) for those whose cancer has grown outside the prostate as well as those with more advanced prostate cancer, among others.

Cryotherapy

Liquid nitrogen is used to freeze and kill prostate cancer cells. This is typically an option for prostate cancer treatment for men in the early stages of prostate cancer who cannot have surgery or radiation therapy as well as for those whose cancer returned after radiation therapy.

Hormonal Therapy or Androgen Suppression Therapy

This prostate cancer treatment works by reducing the levels of the male hormone, known as androgens, to stop them from feeding the cancer cells. This procedure for prostate cancer is non-curative and is often done in tandem with radiation therapy or cryotherapy. 

What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Prostate Cancer? 

Unfortunately, the early stages of prostate cancer don’t often exhibit any symptoms, so the earlier stages of prostate cancer are usually found in a routine prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test as well as during routine digital rectal exams (DRE). 

In the advanced stages of prostate cancer, you may develop hematuria or impotence. Some additional symptoms of advanced prostate cancer include: 

  • Pain in pelvic bone, spine, hips, and ribs 
  • Frequent urination, especially throughout the night
  • Inability to urinate 
  • Trouble starting or holding back urination 
  • A weak or interrupted flow when urinating
  • Painful or burning sensations when urinating 
  • Blood in semen or urine
  • Painful ejaculation 
  • Frequent pains in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs. 

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of advanced prostate cancer or would like to schedule regular prostate screenings, be sure to give us a call. As one of the best prostate cancer specialists in the area with over 20 years of experience, Dr. Gheiler shares insight into prostate cancer with his patients, including the importance of screenings, prevention, as well as treatment options depending on their specific circumstances.

The Best Prostate Cancer Specialist in South Miami 

You will never have to go through prostate cancer alone. The team at Happy Urology is here to walk you through your prostate health and address any questions and concerns you may have regarding prostate cancer. Happy Urology offers a number of urological services for both men and women to treat common health conditions from erectile dysfunction to pelvic floor reconstruction. Contact us today to schedule your visit at Happy Urology! 

 

Sources:

Prostate Cancer – National Cancer Institute  

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